The following comes from http://www.spanamwar.com/, and appears here for convenience of the descendants of Ordinary Seaman William John Stuckey.  

Thank you, Patrick McSherry for all your hard work.

Please see The Spanish American War Centennial Website for the whole story


Voyage of the USS OREGON

By Patrick McSherry


Click here for the Diary of Fireman George W. Robinson


GENERAL

The fourteen thousand mile dash of the USS OREGON is a Spanish American War epic. The vessel steamed at high speed from the west coast of the United States, south around North, Central and South America to join the North Atlantic Squadron at the beginning of the war. This event was one of the most highly publicized events of the war, and had both national and international implications beyond the war itself.

The USS OREGON was one the first United States battleships. The thirteen inch guns of her and her sisters, USS MASSACHUSETTS and USS INDIANA were the largest guns in the U.S. fleet. She was a new and controversial type of vessel for the U. S. Navy. Officially, the OREGON was a "seagoing coast-line battleship." She had to be called a coastal defense battleship since there was great opposition in the United States Congress to developing offensive weapons. However, most naval and some governmental planners had realized that the only way for the U.S. to expand economically was for it to develop a navy capable of engaging an enemy at sea or carrying the war to an enemy's borders. Ships were needed that had heavy armor, heavy armament, good speed and, importantly, large coal bunkers to allow for freedom from the coaling stations of the U.S. coast. The OREGON and her sisters met all of these requirements.

THE PREPARATIONS

After the loss of the USS MAINE in Havana harbor, and as tensions rose between the United States and Spain, it was realized that the OREGON should be concentrated with the other capital ships of the U.S. Navy, as suggested by the highly respected works of naval planner, Rear Admiral Alfred Mahan. The OREGON, however, was in Bremerton, Washington, on the west coast of the United States. She was needed with the U.S. North Atlantic and the "Flying" Squadrons, in the vicinity of Florida. The distance between these two locations was a formidable four thousand miles by land, but by sea the distance was closer to sixteen thousand miles! The Panama Canal had not yet been built, so the shortest route for the OREGON was south, along the west coast of the United States, Central and South America. She would have to travel through the dangerous Straits of Magellan, and then pass north along the same continents until reaching Florida.

There was much doubt that the vessel could run that entire distance without being subject to crippling mechanical breakdowns and other misfortunes. The trip was made somewhat more difficult since the OREGON would frequently be out of contact with the United States government. The ships and crew would not be kept abreast of the status of relations between the U.S. and Spain. She would not know if war had been declared, and therefore not know how to react if a Spanish vessel was sighted. Neither would the OREGON know if the Spanish were searching for her or if she was steaming headlong into a trap.

Preparing the OREGON for her odyssey was no small task. Her ammunition had been unloaded at San Francisco, and coal was unavailable on short notice in Bremerton because of the demands of the Klondike gold rush [click here to visit a site on the Gold Rush]. The vessel was finally coaled and steamed out of Bremerton harbor on March 3, 1898, arriving in San Francisco on March 6. Here the crew worked around the clock to load coal and ammunition. Orders were received to proceed to Peru on March 18. At this point fate intervened. The vessel's commanding officer, Captain McCormick, became seriously ill only days before the OREGON was to begin its voyage. He was replaced by Captain Charles Clark of the monitor USS MONTEREY. Clark was a stupendous choice for command of the vessel, as subsequent events would show.

THE DASH

On March 19, 1898, the OREGON passed the Golden Gate and steamed out of San Francisco harbor. She soon was churning through the waters of the Pacific Ocean at a speed of twelve knots. Knowing that the vessel had an immense distance to travel, and that she may be forced into battle on or before her arrival in Florida, Chief Engineer Milligan of the OREGON made two major suggestions. Both were accepted by Captain Clark. Milligan pointed out that the fresh water supply for the boilers would not hold out long enough for refilling when the vessel stopped for coaling. However, if the OREGON was forced to switch to using seawater in her boilers, the boilers would suffer a loss in efficiency as the salt scale from the seawater built up in the boilers. To stretch the fresh water supply as far as possible, Milligan suggested that the men not be provided with cool fresh water, but rather with feed water from the boilers. This allowed for the supplies to be mixed, a reserve for drinking water not withheld, and the boilers given priority. This measure was rather drastic with the vessel steaming into the tropics. However, Clark took the matter before the men, explaining the need and the reasoning behind it. It was accepted quite cheerfully by the men, even though it meant that they would be drinking warm water, with the small amount of cool water and ice provided to the hard-pressed boiler and engine room crew. The temperature in the boiler and engines rooms averaged between 110 and 150 degrees Fahrenheit.

The second suggestion involved the vessel's coal supply. The best coal for use in the boilers was a "hard" bituminous coal. This would burn hotter and with less waste, ash and smoke than "soft" bituminous coal, and would result in greater speed with less coal and less work. Some of the best coal in the world came from Wales. The OREGON was lucky enough to have a supply, limited though it was, of Welsh "anthracite" (actually a hard bituminous coal, rather than a true anthracite. The vessel's chief engineer suggested that this coal should be saved for use in battle rather than for general steaming. For the Welsh coal to be of value in a time of need, it would have to be stored in close proximity to the boiler rooms. This meant that it had be moved from the more remote coal bunkers in which it was stored and placed in ready reserve in bunkers close to the boilers. This entailed much hot, dusty, and sweaty work for the coal passers while the vessel was at sea. Clark realized that speed was a necessity should the vessel meet with the Spanish fleet, and had his men complete this difficult task.

During the run from San Francisco to Callao, Clark had another problem to deal with. Smoke was seen coming from one of the coal bunkers. This could mean but one thing - the coal bunker was on fire! Coal bunker fires, started by the spontaneous combustion of coal dust were a somewhat common problem aboard all steamships of this period; a problem accentuated by the practice of using coal bunkers as additional armor around the vital areas of a warship - engines, boiler rooms and magazines. An unchecked bunker fire could heat a magazine to the point where it could explode. The OREGON's crew worked furiously in ten minute shifts to dig through the coal for four hours until the fire was located and extinguished. During this time, the vessel never slowed its progress.

The OREGON arrived in Callao on April 4, after traveling a distance of 4,112 miles in sixteen days. The only relaxation the crew experienced during this first leg of the dash was the traditional visit of King Neptune as the vessel crossed the equator. However, throughout the run, the ship's band was given permission to perform evening concerts to entertain the crew. At Callao, a friendly port, the crew worked furiously to replenish coal and supplies, with extra watches placed as a guard against any Spanish sympathizers who might attempt sabotage. The vessel was coaled from lighters in the safety of the center of the harbor rather than from the docks.

While in Callao, Clark was informed by cable from Washington that the Spanish torpedo boat, TEMERARIO had left Montevideo, Uruguay, and may be stalking the OREGON. Fear of torpedo boats ran high, since, for the first time in history, a small vessel with torpedoes could attack a large vessel and sink her through the use of the newly invented torpedo. The OREGON's crew would have to be on their guard against a torpedo attack, which could occur at any time and with little warning.

The OREGON next set a bearing for Rio de Janeiro. This leg of the journey would involve passing through the always dangerous Straits of Magellan. It was in the Straits that the OREGON would be most vulnerable to enemy attack, since there was little room to maneuver. She reached the entrance to the Straits late in the day on April 15, too late to begin the passage. Night was not a good time to attempt to enter the dreaded Straits. In addition, the OREGON found itself "in one of the severest gales of the season." The vessel pitched heavily, "with the jack staff sometimes disappearing under the solid seas that swept all but the superstructure deck," reported Clark. The vessel's commander took the OREGON into an anchorage at Tamar Island. With the fear that the vessel would run aground in the darkness nagging at Clark, he attempted to take soundings to determine the depth of the water. When that failed, he ordered an anchor dropped. Three hundred feet of anchor chain played out until the chain brakes could slow the fall. Eventually the anchor found the bottom. A second anchor was dropped also.

The next morning, the OREGON began the passage through the Straits with the aid of a Chilean pilot. By April 18, she had passed through the most treacherous portion of the Straits and put in at Punta Arenas for resupply and standard maintenance, leaving on the 21st. She was finally entering the Atlantic and was halfway toward her goal.

On April 30, OREGON entered Rio de Janeiro harbor. News was awaiting Clark from Washington. The United States and Spain were now at war, and the TEMERARIO was still unaccounted for. While in the Straits of Magellan, the OREGON was joined by the gunboat USS MARIETTA. At Rio, the two vessels were joined by yet another vessel, the recently purchased Brazilian dynamite cruiser NICTHEROY. Her dynamite guns were never installed, being replaced by more traditional guns. The vessel would eventually be renamed the USS BUFFALO. Both the MARIETTA and the NICTHEROY were quite slow.

The Brazilians seemed to welcome the Americans. The OREGON anchored in mid-harbor, out of the typical travel lanes. Coal was brought out in barges and loaded aboard the vessel. Meanwhile, the Brazilian Navy aided the Americans by placing a cruiser to patrol outside of the harbor entrance, to combine her searchlights with those of the forts to spot any Spanish vessels attempting to make the harbor. Guards were placed on the coal barges since Spanish sympathizers with explosives were caught nearby.

It was while the OREGON was in Rio that the news of Dewey's victory at Manila Bay became known. The outcome was made even more spectacular when it was realized that Dewey's forces suffered no fatalities. The OREGON's crew went wild at the news. For Clark, the news was a relief. His son-in-law was serving with Dewey's squadron.

Also awaiting Clark at Rio were secret dispatches from the Secretary of the Navy. He notified the OREGON's commanding officer that four Spanish armored cruisers, and three torpedo-boat destroyers left Cape de Verde and went west. It was not known where they were headed...possibly toward the OREGON. Several messages passed between Clark and Washington, however Clark put an end to the exchange. First, the messages caused some confusion regarding the Oregon's orders. Secondly, Washington had more leaks than an old sloop! The newspapers hungered for information on the Oregon's whereabouts and the Spanish kept up with this source of information. Clark ended his conversations with the Department by stating "Don't hamper me with instructions. I am not afraid, with this ship, of the whole Spanish fleet."

On May 4, Clark and the OREGON steamed out of Rio de Janeiro harbor, in company with the MARIETTA. Convinced that the vessels were headed toward certain death, the Brazilian government sent a cruiser out ahead of the ships to be sure that the expected fatal action did not take place in Brazilian waters. At the request of the Brazilian government, the NICTHEROY did not steam out in company with the OREGON and MARIETTA, but waited nearly a full day before making for the harbor entrance to join the waiting American vessels.

Clark now had a small flotilla which some considered to be more beneficial should the OREGON have to fight. Clark knew better. He quickly recognized that the two smaller vessels could not keep up with the OREGON. The MARIETTA could make ten knots in a smooth sea, but only eight in a rough sea. The NICTHEROY could only make seven knots! The OREGON would be better protected by her own speed than by the guns of the smaller vessels. He ordered the MARIETTA and NICTHEROY to proceed together, while on board the OREGON, the crew prepared for battle. The crew was notified that it was believed that a large Spanish force was looking for the OREGON. The vessel was cleared for action. Her woodwork was removed and thrown overboard, including much of the expensive mahogany paneling on her pilot house. The OREGON was repainted a wartime gray. The vessel and her crew were now prepared for war, either as part of Sampson's North Atlantic Squadron, or alone.

On May 8, the OREGON steamed into the harbor at Bahia, Brazil, announcing that the vessel would be staying for several days. Instead, to keep any Spanish informants off guard, she left the very next day. Prior to his secret departure, Clark cabled Washington that "The OREGON could steam fourteen knots for hours and in a running fight might beat off or even cripple the Spanish fleet. With present amount of coal on board will be in good fighting trim and could reach West Indies. If more should be taken here I could reach Key West; but, in that case, belt armor, cellulose belt, and protective deck would be below the waterline." In other words, if he had to load enough coal for the long run directly to Key West, the weight of the coal would place much of his defensive armor below water where it could not help save the vessel in a fight. Also, the added weight would slow him down.

On May 14, Clark had a brief but interesting encounter. Famed sailor Joshua Slocum, with his small sailing vessel, SPRAY, was on his way to making the first solo circumnavigation of the world. His path crossed the Oregon's path. Basic information and pleasantries were exchanged. Slocum, on finding out that the United States was at war, jokingly suggested that the two vessels should travel together "for mutual protection." Clark didn't even take the time to respond. The OREGON was making headway toward Bridgetown, Barbados.

The OREGON was very welcome in Barbados, where the general population had a dislike of Spain. However, neutrality laws were strictly enforced. The OREGON was allowed to stay in port no longer than twenty-four hours and was only provided with enough coal to make it to a U.S. port In a strange twist of events, the American Consul in Bridgetown managed to get a cable message through the censor stating that the OREGON had arrived before the censor could stop it the transmission. In accordance with neutrality laws, the Spanish Consul was allowed to issue a similar communiqué to his own government concerning the OREGON's presence. This was particularly dangerous since rumors had the Spanish fleet within ninety miles.

During the night, the OREGON steamed out of the harbor with lights blazing. A few miles outside of port, she turned out the lights, abruptly took a radically different course for Florida. Clark took this action to confuse any Spanish sympathizers who were watching the course the vessel took on leaving the harbor.

On May 24, 1898, the OREGON steamed into Jupiter Inlet, Florida. She had completed her fourteen thousand mile dash in sixty-six days, a remarkable achievement! The voyage was considered to be "unprecedented in battleship history," and a "triumph of American technology and seamanship..." Even more amazing was that OREGON and her crew were ready for battle without any major repairs. She had earned her nickname of "McKinley's Bulldog."

THE OUTCOME

The race of the OREGON had several important outcomes. The most immediate was that the vessel was present to serve with the North Atlantic Squadron. That she had survived the trek, with only very minor mechanical problems surprised many naval observers internationally. It was now obvious that the United States could produce a naval vessel capable of holding her own on the international stage if naval design.

Secondly, and possibly more importantly, the OREGON's odyssey demonstrated the need for a canal across Central America to allow the American navy to pass easily between the oceans without having to undertake the enormous journey around South America.

Voyage of U.S.S. OREGON - Courses And Distances

The following are the main legs of the cruise of the OREGON in her fabled voyage from the west to the east coast of the United States by way of the Strait of Magellan. This information is derived from the official log of USS OREGON.

San Francisco, California, USA
      to
Callao, Peru
4,112.0 nautical miles.
Callao, Peru
      to
Port Tamar, Chile
(western end of Strait of Magellan)
2,549.0 nautical miles.
Port Tamor, Chile
      to
Punta Arenas, Chile
(eastern end of Strait of Magellan)
131.4 nautical miles.
Punta Arenas, Chile
      to
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
2,247.7 nautical miles.
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
      to
Bahia, Brazil
741.7 nautical miles.
Bahia, Brazil
      to
Bridgetown, Barbados
2,228.0 nautical miles.
Bridgetown, Barbados
      to
Jupiter Inlet, Florida, USA
1,665.0 nautical miles.

The average speed throughout the voyage was 11.5 knots.



Roster of the crew of the Battleship OREGON 

 
OREGON's crewmen watch the shelling of the COLON at the Battle of Santiago

The listing below of officers is according to Capt.  Clark's report of the Battle of Santiago. The listing and date of the crew list below cannot be verifed.


Officers:
name rate
Clark, Charles E. Captain
Cogswell, J. K. LieutenantCommander
Ackerman, A. A. Lieutenant
Allen, W. H. Lieutenant
Nicholson, R. F. Lieutenant
Eberle, E. W. Lieutenant, Junior Grade
Stone, C. M. Lieutenant, Junior Grade
Bostick, L. A. Ensign
Hussey, C. L. Ensign
Johnston, R. Z. Ensign
Dickins, R. Captain, USMA
Davis, A. R. 2nd Lieutenant, USMA
Brinser, H. L. Naval Cadet
Dungan, P. B. Naval Cadet
Hatch, C. B. Naval Cadet
Jenson, H. N. Naval Cadet
Kalbfus, E. C. Naval Cadet
Kempff, C. S. Naval Cadet
Leahy, W. D. Naval Cadet
Magill, S. G. Naval Cadet
Miller, C. R.  Naval Cadet
Overstreet, L. M. Naval Cadet
Sadler, E. J. Naval Cadet
Shackford Naval Cadet
Yarnell,  H. E. Naval Cadet
Milligan, R. W. Chief engineer
Offley, C. N. Passed assistant engineer
Lyon, F. Assistant engineer
Reeves, J. M. Assistant engineer
Dunlap, T. C. Acing assistant engineer
Lovering, P. A. Surgeon
Grove, W. B. Assistant surgeon
Colhoun, S. R. Paymaster
McIntyre, J. P. Chaplain
Murphy, J. A. Pay Clerk
Crewmen:
Acors, Jacob Landsman
Adams, Morris Nelson Seaman
Affleck, Harry Watson Machinist 2d class
Ahlim, Charles Seaman
Allen, Harry Apprentice 2d class
Allison, James Gunner's Mate 3rd class (Actg.)
Almquist, Gustav Sigfrid Seaman
Anderson, John Sailmaker
Anderson, Clarence Apprentice 2d class
Anderson, John Seaman
Anderson, George William Seaman
Annett, Charles Frank Jr. Ordinary seaman
Arnbros, Otto Joseph Apprentice 2d class
Attridge, Peter Coal Passer
Atwood, Charles Matthews Seaman
Ausseresses, Paul Robert Seaman
Auld, Richard Landsman
Ausin, George Churchill Landsman
Ayers, Archie Coal Passer
   
Bagley, Frank Leslie Apprentice 2d class
Beale, George Fireman 2d class
Beazley, George Arthur Apprentice 2d class
Bedwarsky, Louis Boatswain 1st class
Beebe, John Kinney Ordinary Seaman
Begley, Frank Bernard Apprentice 2d class
Belknap, William Henry Yeoman 1st (loss (Actg.)
Bensinger, Albert Nathan Ordinary Seaman
Bengtsson, Johan August Quartermaster 2d class (Actg.)
Berry, Arthur Edward Apprentice 2d class
Blandenberg, Charles Fireman 1st class
Blundell, William Henry Fireman 1st class
Boning, Carl Hans Johanse Machinist 2d class
Bouldron, William Coal passer
Bourke, James Fireman 1st class
Boylan, Charles Wesley Landsman
Bradley, William Alexander, Machinist 2nd class
Bradley, Alexander Stuart Seaman
Brasor, Dennis Michael Fireman 1st class
Broaden, Samuel Leo Landsman
Brounty, Theodore Landsman
Brown, Joe Ordinary Seaman
Brown, William Ransford Seaman
Burns, John Richard Coal passer
Burns, Joseph Peter Fireman 1st class
Burns William Gunner's mate 1st class
Burrows, John Ordinary Seaman
   
Cademartori, John Coxswain (Actg.)
Caldano, Emil Seaman
Calori, Sebastian Landsman
Careighton, John William Landsman
Carlstrom, Carl Oskar Seaman
Carlton, Frank Blacksmith
Campbell, John Peter Seaman
Casey, James Coal passer
Chan, Duck Mess attendant
Chace, Paul Griswold Seaman
Chase, Walter Sargent Gunner 3rd class (Actg.)
Christianson, Charles Jacob Chief Yeoman
Christopher, Willis Adam Seaman
Clark Thomas Water tender (Actg.)
Close, Orin Samuel Apprentice 2d class
Clute, Frank Chief Yeoman
Clynes, John William Apprentice 2d class
Collins, Patrick Lawrence Coal passer
Collins, Ward Oliver Seaman
Content, Sherlie Shelby Coal passer
Converse, Sullivan Seaman
Costello, John Boatswain
Crego, Floyd Louis Apprentice 2d class
Creighton, Frederick Apprentice 2d class
Crosby, Frank Gunner 3rd class (Actg.)
Culbertson, Frank Andrew Coal passer
Cuneo, Rinaldo Seaman
Cunningham William Arthur, Coal passer
Curry, Daniel Coal passer
Curtin, William Husted Coxswain (Actg.)
Cummings, William Edward Landsman
Cullinan, Stanley Baldwin Ordinary seaman
   
Grosman, Earl Ordinary seaman
   
Danford, Roydon R. Apprentice 1st class
Davenport Mateland A. Landsman
Davis, Charles Coxswain (Actg.)
Davis, Guy Alonzo Landsman
   
Davis, Harry Apprentice 2d class
Davis, John Seaman
Davis, William Clarence Seaman
Dell, William John Landsman
Dennison, Charles Robert Seaman
Dieudonne, Eugene James Coal passer
Dillon, John James Water tender (Actg.)
Ding, Ah Mess attendant
Ditson, John George Oiler (Actg.)
Doherty, George Seaman
Doherty, Philip Chief Gunner's Mate
Donahue, Edward, Water tender (Actg.)
Donahue, Joseph Patrick Coal passer
Doud, Wilhard Orrin Ordinary seaman
Douglas, Robert John Jr. Ordinary seaman
Dresser, William Fireman lst class
Drewery, Lorenzo Willows Coal passer
Drummond, Arthur William Machinist 2d class
Driscoll, Edward Ordinary seaman
Driscoll, John Charles Apprentice 2d class
Dugan, Robert E. Apprentice 2d class
Duncan, John Ordinary seaman
Duff, Roden Robinson Seaman
Dunne, James Fireman 2d class
Dunning, Charles M. Ordinary seaman
Dyer, Spencer Howard Apprentice 3rd class
   
Easterbrook James Chief gunner's mate
Eberling, Fred Theodore Landsman
Edwards, Bertram Willard Ordinary seaman
Edwards, John Timothy Gunner 2nd class (Actg.)
Ellis, John Seaman
English, John Joseph Ordinary seaman
Evans, Thomas Water tender
   
Faulkner, Jacob Zigler Ordinary seaman
Felsher, John, Boatswain 1st class (Actg.)
Fennessy, Patrick Landsman
Ferguson, William Earnest, Apprentice 2d class
Fetter, Harry Landsman
Fitzgerald, John Howard Seaman
Fokken, John Henry Gerard Seaman
Flater, James Coxswain (Actg.)
Floyd, William Lee Landsman
Fluhart, Waylend Edward Yeoman 2nd class (Actg.)
Flynn, James Francis Fireman 2d class
Franks, George Worga Seaman
Frederickson, Hans Oiler (Actg.)
Frederickson, John Fireman 1st class
French, Arthur Boynton Fireman 2d class
Fry, Karl Seaman
Foley, John Charles Apprentice 2d class
Furlong, Thomas Francis Seaman
   
Gage, Benjamin Franklin Seaman
Gallagher, Patrick James Fireman 1st class
Galvin, John Ship's cook 4th class
Ganeau, Edward Landsman
Gannon, Joseph Cuthbert Seaman
Gartley, Alonzo Apprentice 2d class
Gavin, Edward Joseph Gunner 1st class
Gertsen, Andrew Coxswain (Actg.)
Gibbons, Martin Francis Machinist 2nd class
Giles, Harry Marshall  
Gill, Adam Coal passer
Ginzl, Joseph Coal passer
Glazier, William Alexander Fireman 1st class
Goddard, William Henry Seaman
Goldsmith, Joseph  
Gong, Ah Wardroom steward
Good, Walter A. Landsman
Goodnow, Joseph Victor Apprentice 2d class
Grady, John Patrick  
Grant, James Fireman 1st class
Gratz, Edward Chief master-at-arms
Gray, John Seaman
Gray, Thomas Coal passer
Green, Benjamin James Coxswain (Actg.)
Greenwood, Harry A. Ordinary seaman
Green, Douglas Barton Ordinary seaman
Greenwood, John Ordinary seaman
Grigg, Edward Charles Coal passer
Groves, James Francis Gunner 1st class
Gulkich, Milan Apprentice 2d class
Gustavson, Ernest Alexis Gunner 3rd class
   
Hafke, Charles Frederick P. Seaman
Halberg, Hjalmar William Seaman
Hall, John Fireman 3rd class
Hamilton, Robert Seaman
Hamlin, Joseph Wilfred Seaman
Hanafin, Asher Alvin Fireman 2d class
Hanafin, Albert Turnar Fireman 1st class
Hansen, Lauritz Boatswain 2d class
Hansen, Christ L.  Coal passer
Harden, Clarence Gardener Seaman
Harris, Willie Edward Apprentice 2d class
Hartineyer, Andrew Blacksmith
Harding, Michael Seaman
Harman, George Seaman
Hart, Frederick Apprentice 2d class
Hassig, George Coal passer
Havlik, James Seaman
Hayden, Charles Henery Landsman
Hayden, John Bruce Coal passer
Heiberger, William, Coppersmith (Actg.)
Hellman, Johan Alexander Seaman
Hello, Johnnes Machinist 1 St class
Hewel, Clarence Apprentice 3rd class
Heye, Robert, Apprentice 2d class
Hickey, William James Gunner 3rd class (Actg.)
High, Lester Valentine Landsman
Hill, James Edward Ordinary seaman
Hille, Martin Coal passer
Hirokawa,Tsu Steerage steward
Hogart, James lsaac Fireman 2d class
Hostrup, Christian Ordinary seaman
Huber, Mick O. Acting chief yeoman
Hunter, Arthur Clair Coal passer
Hyde, Charles James  (rate not stated)
   
Ichinose, Shircichi Mess attendant
Ingalls, Robert M. Seaman
Jackson, William Seaman
Jarvis, Edwin Shipwright
Jock Ah Mess attendant
Joehnk Henry Edward Apprentice 2d class
Johns, Henry Carl Seaman
Johnson, Charles Seaman
Johnson, Gustav Chief Gunner
Johnson, Otto Chief machinist
Jones, Robert Coal passer
Jonsen, Andrew Gunner 2d class
Jonssen, Hjalmer Gunner 3rd class
   
Kamiya, Takematsu Cabin cook
Keller, Joseph Anton Seaman
Kehke, Michael Coxswain (Actg.)
Kennedy, John Landsman
Keough, William Michael Gunner 2d class
King, George Alexander Seaman
King, John Wilson, Apprentice 2d class
Klingel, Chester Clark Landsman
Knight, Frank Fireman 1st class
   
Lake, Charles Edward Quartermaster 1st class
Lamb, Wilfred Owen Gunner 1st class
Langevin, Albert Oiler (Actg.)
Lanzing, Charles Gunner 1st class
Larsen, Ole Coxswain (Actg.)
Larson, Albin Oscar Gunner 1st class
Laughton, Raymond Marion Landsman
Lawrence, Herbert Franklin Coal passer
Leasure, Edward Anthony Gunner 1st class
Lee, Theodore Augustine Landsman
Leffingwell, Ernest DeKoven Seaman
Leighton, Ellington Boatswain 1st class
Lemon, Thomas Benton Seaman
Lewis, Frank Coal passer
Lewis, John Douglas Apprentice 2nd class
Lewis, Frank Water tender
Lindstrom, William, Gunner 3rd class (Actg.)
Long, Clarence Albert Seaman
Lockwood, Travis Drake Bayman
Love, George Christopher, Apprentice 2nd class
Loy, Chang Mess attendant
Lubeck Erick M. Seaman
Lucey, John Ordinary seaman
Lundin, Charles Seaman
Lung, Ah Wardroom cook
Lyon, James Sedgley Apprentice 2nd class
Lyon, William Fireman 1st class
Lyons, James Fireman 1st class
   
MacKnight, William George Apprentice 2d class
Madson, Carl John Gunner 2d class (Actg.)
Martin, Edward Landsman
Marue, Harry Warrant Officers’ cook
Masutani,Toyotaro Warrant Officers’ steward
Matthews, Walter Ordinary seaman
McCarthey, Eugene Chief machinist (Actg.)
McDowell, Edgar Coal passer
McEwen, Samuel Horace Seaman
McGarigal, James, Fireman 1st class
McGuire, John James Apprentice lst class
McHugh, William Henry Seaman
McKachney, Thomas Boatswain 2d class
McKeon, Owen Peter Coal passer
McKinney, Allen Barrett Ordinary seaman
McNaught, William Fireman 2d class
McQuarrie, Murdock James Coal passer
McVay, Joseph Alphonses Machinist 2d class
Mell, Frederick Apprentice 2d class
Mengula, Antonio Michel Apprentice 2d class
Meredith, Floyd Eaty Seaman
Merritt, Arthur Ordinary seaman
Middleton, Walter Thomas Apprentice 2d class
Miller, Fritz Seaman
Miller, Otto Pointer
Miner, Thomas Edward Landsman
Mitchell, Harry Moxley, Apprentice 1st class
Michell, William John Apprentice 2d class
Morean, John Oiler
Morris, Wilham Louis Seaman
Morrison, James Henery Chief machinist
Moss, James Machinist 1st class
Moss, Bernard Fireman 1st class
Mullins, Thomas Seaman
Murray, Samuel Fireman 2d class
Munz, Joseph Gustav Fireman 2d class
Murray, George Washington Landsman
Murphey, Edward James Seaman
Murphy, Daniel Joseph Fireman 2d class
Murphy, Stanislaus Joseph Seaman
Murphy, James Henry Coxswain (Actg.)
Murphy, John Chief Boatswain (Actg.)
Murphy, John Machinist 1st class (Actg.)
Murphy, Melvin Benjamin Coal passer
Moore, Benjamin Butler Plumber and fitter
Moore, Charles John Ordinary seaman
Montgomery, Arthur Smith Fireman 1st class
   
Nagato, Shirogiro Mess attendant
Nagelstock, Edwin Harry Seaman
Nelson, Frederick J. Landsman
Neuman, Adolph Coal passer
Newman, Philip Seaman
Nicholson, Robert Boatswain 1st class
Nickell, George Guy Coal passer
Nickerson, Edgar Francis Landsman
Nilson, Charles Alfred Seaman
Nord, Johan Erikson Seaman
Norman, John Seaman
Norris, William Henery Boatswain 2nd class
Nylund, George Boatswain 2d class
   
O'Brien, Joseph Fireman 1st class
O'Connel, Andrew Landsman
O'Neill, Thomas Seaman
Oishi, Kitchitaro Mess attendant
Olson, John Carpenter 1st class
Omatsu, Ginjiro Mess attendant
Oswald, Harold Gunner 3rd class
Orton, James Edward Apprentice 1st class
Ozard, William Coal passer
   
Page, Cecil Seaman
Pallo, Adam Seaman
Patterson, John August, Gunner 3rd class
Pearman, William I. Apothecary
Peiper, August Otto Shipwright
Perkins, Isom E. Coal passer
Peters, William Charles Ordinary seaman
Peters, Frank Seaman
Pierce, William Henry Apprentice 2d class
Pilgrim, William, Apprentice 2d class
Pope, Benjamin Seaman
Powell, Scyron Hugh Coal passer
Power, Thomas Michael Carpenter 3rd class
Powers, George Daniel, Apprentice 2d class
Priddy, Albert Coal passer
   
Quinn, James Arthur Apprentice 2d class
   
Randolph, Robert, Ordinary seaman
Rea, John Henry Landsman
Regley, Joseph Landsman
Reitz, John Seaman
Richardson, Ray Wess Landsman
Rigo, Frank Seaman
Riley, Francis Bennett, Seaman
Roberts, Edward Owen Machinist 2d class
Roberts, M. F. Carpenter
Roberts, Thomas John Seaman
Robinson, Charles Frank Apprentice 2d class
Robinson, George W. Fireman 2d class
Robinson, William Ford Landsman
Robertson, Marion Fireman 1st class
Rose, Frank Fireman 2d class
Rose, Joseph Raymond, Apprentice 2d class
Rosen, Emanuel Apprentice 2d class
Ross Guy Austin Fireman 2d class
Ross, John Joseph Plumber and fitter (Actg.)
Roy, James M. Seaman
   
Sanderson, George Seaman
Sands, George Washington Coal passer
Saracco, Joseph M. Apprentice 2d class
Saxai, Kenekich Steerage cook
Scadden, Charles David Apprentice 2d class
Schildhauer, Jacob Frederick Coal passer
Schlicht, George Apprentice 2d class
Schroder, Julius Frederick C. Fireman 2d class
Schultz, Paul Horatio Machinist 2d class
Schweizer, George Godfrey Landsman
Schultz, Gustav Axel Henrich Seaman
Scott, Edward Oiler (Actg.)
Shantz, Joseph Edward Seaman
Show, Calvin Adelbert Apprentice 2d class
Show, John Martin Andrew Master-at-arms 1st class
Shilling, George Master-at-arms 2d (loss (Actg.)
Shinick John Joseph Coal passer
Sidall, Joseph James Seaman
Sieberman, Frank Bayman
Slade James Seaman
Sloan, William Grimes Apprentice 2d class
Small, Robert H. Chief machinist
Smith, Edward Oiler (Actg.)
Smith, Frank Coal passer
Smith, John Henry Coal passer
Smith, Samuel Herbert Machinist 1st class (Actg.)
Smith, Thomas Jefferson Boilermaker
Smith, Webster Temple Seaman
Smith, William Gunner 3rd class
Southard, Francis Charles Seaman
Sowerby, Wilham Doberty Ship's cook 1st class
Spivey, Charles B. Gunner II (loss (Actg.)
Sparks, Frederick Grover Apprentice 2d class
Spooner, Walter Frederick Apprentice 2d class
Sporner, Reed E. Coal passer
Sprague, Leroy Augustus Apprentice 2d class
Spratt, Thomas Atkinson Apprentice 1 st class
Squire, Paul Edwin Bayman
Stanley, Sewin Quartermaster 3rd class (Actg.)
Stein, Abraham Apprentice 2d class
Stephens, Charles Frawley Coal passer
Sterrit, Everit Charles Fireman lst class
Stetson, Frank Charlie Coal passer
Stevens, Charles Edward Seaman
Steward, William Oiler (Actg.)
Stricker, Edward Apprentice 2d class
Stuckey, William John Ordinary seaman
Sugenoya, Shinobu Mess attendant
Sullivan, Joseph Francis Master-at-arms 2d class (Actg.)
Summers, Frank Water tender (Actg.)
Sutton, James Seaman
Swanson, John Peter Seaman
Sweeney, Gabriel A. Apprentice 2d class
   
Tanaka, Henry Mess attendant
Taschek, Max Oiler (Actg.)
Thirmes, Peter Coxswain
Thomas, Frank Cole  
Thompson, William A. Seaman
Tildermann, Carl Frederick Seaman
Tillett, James Clarence Seaman
Tong, Wong Mess attendant
Townsend, John, Foreman 2d class
Tracey, Thomas Oiler (Actg.)
Trego, Davit Coxswain (Actg.)
Tulley, Peter Samuel Fireman lst class
Tulloch, Gilbert Seaman
   
Vahlbusch, George Herman Apprentice 2d class
Veliz, David E. Bugler
   
Wall, George Ignacius F. Apprentice 2d class
Walker, Joseph Frederick Landsman
Wardwell, Charles A. Chief machinist
Watson, Edgar Francis Seaman
Wedin, Edward I. Ordinary seaman
Wharton, Joseph William Apprentice 2d class
White Robert William Seaman
Whisker, Frank Colter Apprentice 2d class
William, Henry Gunner 3rd class (Actg.)
Williams, A. S. Gunner
Williams, Charles Hughbert Apprentice 2d class
Willis, Samuel Fireman 1st class
Wilson, William Landsman
United States Marines on Board
Dickins, Randolph Captain
Davis, Austin R. 2nd Lt.
Bray, Henry F. 1st Sgt.
Ramsey, Frederick A. Sgt.
Heiligenstein, George Sgt.
Hunter, John C. Sgt.
Delaney, William Corp.
Howlett, Thomas J. Corp.
Work, Edgar B. Corp.
Doss, George Corp.
Boyd, William J. Corp.
Ebert, William Drummer
Colson, Albert M. Fifer 
   
Allen, John H. Private
Ayling,  James Private
Boydston, Erwin J. Private
Benrenhafer, John P. Private
Butts, John Private
Chaffee, Delbert L. Private
Cross, Robert Private
Curtis, James M. Private
Donovan, John P. Private
Moore, Albert Private
Miller, Charles Private
Moynahan, Cornelius Private
Mueller, Martin L. M. Private
Mullen, Chris. C. Private
O'Shea, Joseph H. Private
Peterson, Carl A. Private
Prechard, Evan Private
Rose, Frank Private
Scannell, David J. Private
Sewell, Albert L. Private
Slaght, Frank B. Private
Smith, Denis E. Private
Sullvan, James A. Private
Thomas, Robert E. Private
Truehaft, Joseph Private
Turner, Albert Private
Upham, Oscar J. Private
Waters, William A. Private
Wilson, Charles Private
 TRANSFERRED
Keating, Charles E. Private
Leahy, John Private
Bibliography:

(As a service to our readers --in the spirit of the the original page at http://www.spanamwar.com/orevoyag.htm-- clicking on title that is underlined will take you to that book on Amazon.com)

Clerk of the Joint Committee on Printing, The Abridgement of the Message from the President of the United States to the Two Houses of Congress, Vol. IV. (Washington DC: Government Printing Office, 1899) 527-528.

McCullough, David, Mornings on Horseback . (New York: Simon and Schuster, Inc., 1981).

Naval History Department, Navy Department, Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships, Washington DC: Government Printing Office, 1959.

Nofi, Albert A., The Spanish-American War, 1898 . (Conshohocken, PA: Combined Books, 1996).

Sternlicht, Sanford, McKinley's Bulldog, the Battleship Oregon . (Chicago: Nelson-Hall, Inc., 1977).

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