Robert Pepin and Marie Crete


On 4 Nov 1670

Robert PEPIN, son of Jean and Jeanne Dumont, of Grisy, évêché of Séez, married Marie CRETE, daughter of Jean CRETE/CRESTE of St Aubin de Tourouvre, Perche and Marguerite Gaulin of St. Martin de Vieux- Belesme au Perche, in Québec City, Québec

Robert and Marie had the following children:

1. Jacques, baptised 1674, Quebec City, Quebec, buried 9 Feb 1691, Quebec City, Quebec

2. Jean, baptised 11 Sep 1675, Quebec City, Quebec; married Marguerite MOREAU 10 Oct 1695, Quebec City, Quebec; buried 31 Dec 1752, Charlesbourg, Quebec, 16 kids.

3. Robert, baptised 1677, married twice.  First marriage to Elisabeth ROYER 16 Nov 1700 at St-Jean, Isle d'Orleans, 7 kids.  Second marriage to Marie-Anne DELASSE 15 Sept 1715 in Montréal, 7 kids.  Robert was buried 12 May 1754, at St-Genevieve. Montréal.

4. François, baptised 25 Feb 1680, buried 12 Dec 1680 in Beauport.

5. François, baptised 5 Jan 1682, buried 3 Nov 1684

6. Marie-Rosalie, baptised 3 Jun 1684, married Pierre ÉLIE-BRETON 5 July 1700 in Québec, they had 13 kids.  Marie-Rosalie was buried 23 Oct 1721.  Pierre remarried to Marie-Hélène GROMELIN on 30 July 1722 and had 13 more kids.

7. Louis, baptised 13 Feb 1686, married Anne-Elizabeth BOUTIN 17 Nov 1710 in L'Ancienne Lorette.  They had 12 kids.


Robert died rather suddenly and unexpectedly in 1686.

Marie married Jean Brideault, son of Jean and Marthe Duclos, on 24 April 1687 in Québec, and they had 3 kids.

1. Marie-Anne Brideault, baptised 26 July 1688, married Joseph MORIN on 4 Nov 1704.

2. Marie Brideault, baptised 25 May 1691, married Claude VANDANDAIQUE on 5 Nov 1708 in Beauport.

3. Jean-Hilaire Brideault, baptised 28 Aug 1692, married twice.  First to Marie-Joseph PAQUET on 3 Sept 1716 in Québec, they had 14 kids.  Second to Marie-Marthe GAMACHE on 17 June 1754.

Then Jean died, so Marie married Pierre JOURDAIN dit Bellerose on 9 Jan 1706 in Québec.


Sometime in the early part of the 1600s

Jean PEPIN married Jeanne DUMONT, quite probably in the Grisy Parish, Diocese of Sées, in Caen, Normandie France.

Jean and Jeanne had one child that I know of so far:

1. Robert, baptised about 1639, Grisy Parish, Diocese of Sees, Caen, Normandie France.  He married Marie CRETE, 4 Nov 1670, in Québec City, Québec.  They had 6(7) kids.

I'd like to know who Jean and Jeanne's parents are, and if Robert had any siblings.  And maybe how closely related to Pepin the Short might we be . . .


If you see any errors or contradictions, or can add to anything here let me know.


I found a biography for Robert.  It's in Thomas LaForest's book, "Our French-Canadian Ancestors."  Well, actually, the book is a multiple volume set of books that my local LDS family history center has on microfiche.

So everyone knows exactly which set of books I'm talking about, it is:

"Our French-Canadian Ancestors" by Thomas J. Laforest, published in Palm Harbor, Florida, in 1983 by the LISI Press, a subsidiary of Laforest International Service Inc. ISBN 0-914163-01-9 (Volume 1) ISBN 0-914163-00-0 (Series).

As I'm only quoting one small portion of his larger work -- and I'm not making any financial gain with it -- so I hope Mr. LaForest doesn't mind (if he does, I will remove it immediately). The bio is *so* cool and gives so much good information of interest to Robert's descendants that I just couldn't help myself, and I felt about a foot taller after reading it.

The small portion of this which I am quoting below is from Chapter 22, Robert Pepin, and it starts with this cool looking woodcut-kinda-pen-and-ink picture of a fellow in a tricorn hat and knee britches placing shingles on a roof.


The Seaman's Cemetery

This still roof where doves do strut
Glistens between pine and grave;
And while they play among the dead, there
Remains the sea, the sea, ever renewed.
-- Paul Valery

  If Paul Valery had lived three centuries ago and had known Robert Pépin, if he had seen him climb the roofs of Québec with agile and firm step, probably he would have willingly changed his doves for our man, his pines would have become chimneys, and the sea "ever renewed" would have taken the appearance of the formerly clear waters of the Saint-Lawrence.

  There is no mistake about it, Robert could gaze nearly all year long at the Québec sky from on top of the roofs of New France.  Two and a half centuries before the invention of the airplane, many times he had seen the capital as would a bird, not in the manner of Icarius, who according to legend was the victim of his wings, but from the top of a solid ladder propped against the wall or laid on the planks which he so carefully covered with slate.

  In short, Robert was a "master slater."  It was as such that he presented himself to New France and it appears that he practiced his trade until his unexpected death in 1686.

  We do not know the date of arrival of the majority of our ancestors: Nor does Robert Pépin escape this deficiency in the history of our families.  It is certain that he was here by 1668.  It is even possible that he crossed the seas two or three years earlier.  On 2 October 1665, the Jesuit's Journal noted the arrival, on board a "vessel from Normandie" of 82 girls and women, 50 of whom came from a charity house in Paris.  Debarking at the same time were "130 workmen all in good health."

  Well, it was precisely from Normandy that our colonist came to us.  The first known document which mentions him was an act by notary Romain Becquet dated 9 September 1668: It concerned a deal concluded with the Jesuits.  The second document was his marriage contract.

THE FUTURE BRIDE WAS NOT 12 YEARS OLD

  On 29 June 1669, Paul Vachon brought together in the town of Fargy, in the seigneurie of Beauport, the interested parties to this future union: Jehan Creste, master wheelwright, and his wife Marguerite Gaulin, both inhabitants of Fargy, representing their daughter Marie, baptized in Québec on 10 October 1657.  She was not yet 12 years old; this was probably the reason why the groom must wait until autumn of the following year to lead his fiancée to the altar.  Marie's witnesses were her brother Louis, Pierre Gaulin and Jacquette Lauvergnat, François Gaulin, Marie Rocheron, and others.

  For his part, Robert Pépin inhabitant of Beauport, was said to be the son of the late Jean Pépin and Jeanne Dumont, from the parish of Grisy(2), diocese of Sées in Normandy.  His witnesses were Brother Joseph Boursier, a Jesuit from the Collage of Québec; Denis Avisse, a tanner, and his wife Jeanne Crevier; Pierre Mourier, the flour merchant Joseph Langlois, as well as relatives and friends living in the seigneurie of Beauport.

  Jehan Creste and Marguerite Gaulin proved to be very generous regarding the future couple.  They promised to give them a three year old bull, a cow, 2 suckling pigs, a suit of clothes made to measure, 2 blankets, 2 sheets, a bolster stuffed with feathers, 2 tablecloths and 4 napkins.  In addition, they committed themselves to feed and shelter their daughter for two years after her marriage.  Jacques, the eldest son, was not born before 1674; therefore it is possible that during these two additional years in which Marie remained with her family, the marriage was not consummated.  Besides offering food and lodging to their daughter, the Crestes added to her trousseau a platter and 2 plates and the bailiff, Paul de Rainville went there with his contribution, a valuable pistol.

  Finally, the future husband and wife made each other irrevocable gifts, devolving to the survivor of the two, of all their furniture, rent, and real estate, that they may acquire or gain in whatever place they may find themselves.  Robert Pépin, Jehan Creste, Louis Creste, Joseph Boursier, Denis Avisse, Jean Gibaut, Paul de Rainville, Jean Crevier and Paul Vachon placed their signatures at the bottom of the document, the others stating they did not know how to write their names.

  The nuptial ceremony took place about a year and a half later, more exactly, on 4 November 1670 and this act was entered in the parish records of Québec.  By then Marie Creste had completed her 13th year; she was still only a child but at that time it was not rare to see young girls of her age determined to launch themselves into matrimony and to raise numerous offspring.  All the children of Robert and Marie were baptized in Quebec, with the exception of François, born in 1680, whose baptism and death notice were found in Beauport.

MULTIPLE DEALS

  Working principally at his trade of roofer, Pépin concluded many transactions whose details are found in the records of notaries Romain Becquet, Pierre Duquet, Michel Fillion, Gilles Rageot and François Genaple.  He did business with, among others, the Ursulines of Québec(3), and the Fabrique Notre-Dame-des-Anges of Beauport.(4)

  On 12 December 1674(5), Robert received a land grant from the Ursalines; on 20 December 1682(6), he worked for the Récollets.  He also did business with several of his contemporaries: Elie Jean, Henri Delaunay, Noël Boissel, Mathieu Ranuyer, Nicolas Brouillon, Adrien Sédillot dit Brisval, François Hazeur, Jean Gibaut, Pierre Dron, Philippe Gaultier de Comporté, and others.

  In 1681, the census taker(7) placed the Pépin family in the upper town of Québec.  The roofer was then 38 years old and his wife was 24; they had 2 sons: Jean and Robert.  Living with them also was servant named Nicolas, age 35 years.  It probably was Nicolas Brouillon whose indenture dated from 14 October 1670, but for reasons of which we are unaware, Nicolas remained close to the family.

MARIE CRESTE REMARRIED TO JEAN BRIDAULT

  On 14 August 1686, we learn that Robert had died, but we do not know exactly when or where or in what manner.  On that date, notary Gilles Rageot drew up an inventory of property for the heirs.(8)  On the following 6 October, notary Genaple drew up a marriage contract between Marie Creste and Jean Bridault, a native of Paris.  The second nuptial engagement of Marie took place in Québec on 24 April 1687.

  Jean Bridault, carpenter, about 30 years old, was nearly the same age as Marie, and was the son of Jean Bridault from the town of Montmorency, and the late Marthe du Clos.  The ceremony took place in the presence of Jehan Creste, Marie's father; Henri Delaunay, her brother-in-law; Jean Lefebvre, senior; and Thomas Gubillon.  To the seven children whom she had with Robert Pépin, Marie added 5 more from her second union: Marie-Anne (1688), Marie (1691), Hilaire (1692), Marie-Françoise (1695), and Louise-Catherine (1698).

  Marie Creste lived nearly 35 years longer than her first husband.  After the death of Jean Bridault, she was married in Québec on 9 January 1706 to another Parisian, one Pierre Jourdain, son of Pierre and Catherine Depuis, from the parish of Saint-Jacques-de-la-Boucherie.  Marie and Pierre lived together more than 16 years but they had no children.  On 10 November 1722, the widow of Robert Pépin was buried in her turn at Québec at the age of 65.  Several months later, Pierre Jourdain was married at Pointe-aux-Trembles (Neuville) to a 20 year old girl, Marie-Catherine Aide-Créqui; she gave him several children.

FIVE SONS AND ONE DAUGHTER

  The union of Robert Pépin and Marie Creste produced six children as follows:

  1. Jean (1675-1752) married Marguerite Moreau: they had nine sons and six daughters.

  2. Robert (1677-1754) married Elisabeth Royer, then Marie-Anne Delasse (this family lived in the Montréal region).

  3. François, born and died in 1680.

  4. Another son, François, born in 1682 and died in 1684.

  5. Marie-Rosalie (1684-1721) married Pierre Hélie.

  6. Louis, born in 1686, married Elizabeth Boutin (this family settled in Charlesbourg).(9)

TWO NOTABLE DESCENDANTS

  Two descendants of Robert Pépin were famous in the 20th century, one in the field of music, the other in politics.  Clermont, born in Saint-George de Beauce in [the 1920s, son of Pierre and Sara Pépin].  Clermont is one of the best known and prolific Canadian composers of out time.  These Pépins settled in Beauce for more than a century.  As for Jean-Luc, born in Drummondville in 1924, he belongs to a line established in the Yamaska region around the end of the 18th century.  The former professor of political science and joint president of the Commission of Canadian Unity (Commission Pépin-Robarts) directed several ministries in the Trudeau cabinet in Ottawa.

  Variations to the name Pépin are listed as: Cardonnet, De la Fond, Descardonnets, Lachance, Lachaussée, Laforge, Papin, Refort and Tranchemontagne.(10)

ENDNOTES

  (1) Marcel Trudel, "Le Terrier du Saint-Laurent en 1663", pp 94 to 98.  The name "Fargy" was created by an invertion of the name "Giffard".  It is speaking about a holding of some fifteen arpents on the Ecailles river.  In 1646, Robert Giffard had a palisade built in order to protect the people.  Later on a chapel and mill were added.

  (2) "Grisy", in Calvados, has been combined with the towns of Escures-sur-Favières and Vendeuvres.

  (3) Romain Becquet, act of 27 December 1671.

  (4) François Fillion, act of 18 January 1678.

  (5) Op Cit (3), act of 12 December 1682

  (6) François Genaple, act of 20 December 1682

  (7) Benjamin Sulte, HCF, Volume IV, p. 56

  (8) Gilles Rageot, act of 14 August 1686

  (9) Msgr Cyprien Tanguay, DGFC, Volume 1, p 472.  He attributes another son to Robert Pépin: Jacques, born in 1674 and buried at Québec on 9 Feb 1691.  This Jacques was probably the son of Antoine Pépin dit Lachance, baptized at Château-Richer on 4 September 1667.

  (10) Ibid. Volume 7, p 576 ("Ibid" means "same source as the last citation", which in this case is the Tanguay.)


There you have it, Cousins. My local Latter Day Saints (Mormon) family history center has a copy of "Our French-Canadian Ancestors" on microfiche.  If yours doesn't, they can certainly order it for you.  It's an impressive collection of biographies and I'm certain that some of our other ancestors are mentioned in it, but before I put up any others, I want to touch bases with Mr LaForest

If you look, you can find copies of both the set and individual volumes available for sale on the internet; personally, I'd start at someplace like Barnes and Nobles -- if I could afford such a purchase (but I'll put it on my Wish List, just before a copy of the René Jetté and the Red and Blue Drouins).

Thank you, Thomas LaForest,
for all the research you did for "Our French-Canadian Ancestors".

If you should personally know Mr LaForest, do let him know this is here and/or have him drop me some email at lisa@fortlangley.ca.  I have a couple questions for him

 


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